The Israel Film Service Collection

This Week, 25 Years Ago, Episode 24

12 Minutes, 1973
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Directed by: Micha Avni
Production:Zohar Arnon, Yehuda Schneidman
Production Company:Israel Film Service
Photographer: Micha Avni
Narrator: Ram Evron
Language: Hebrew
Subtitles: English, Hebrew

A 35 episode documentary TV series created by the Israeli Film Service. The script follows a week by week account of events in the 1948 war starting with the 1947 UN resolution on the Partition Plan for Palestine and concluding with Israel’s first Defense Forces Parade, on July 27, 1948.
On Friday, May 14, 1948, at Dizengoff House on 16 Rothschild Boulevard in Tel Aviv, David Ben-Gurion reads the Declaration of Independence from two typed pages. The declaration ceremony is recorded in full, partly filmed by Natan Axelrod, and broadcast live. The British Mandate rule in Palestine is coming to an end, and the High Commissioner leaves the country with the assembly unit of the British army, sailing from Haifa. Thus, at the height of the War of Independence, the inhabitants of the country will face each other without the intervention of the British Mandate Army. Operation Maccabi, intended to open the road to Jerusalem, is underway, but before it can complete its mission part of the forces are transferred to the south of the country to prepare for the planned invasion by Egyptian forces. Jaffa Arabs sign a surrender agreement after the conquest of Jaffa, and Gush Etzion falls after bloody battles with Jordanian Legion soldiers: those who survived the battle are taken prisoner after surrendering following a ceasefire.

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