כניסת הגנרל אלנבי לירושלים

General Edmund Allenby in Jerusalem

1917
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Two days after his forces conquered it from the Ottomans, the commander of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force General Edmund Allenby enters Jerusalem. This video documents Allenby’s visit to the city.
Soldiers and civilians line up in Jerusalem ahead of Allenby’s arrival, and the British military governor of the city Brigadier General Neville Travers Borton receives him at Jaffa Gate. Leaving their horses outside the gates, Allenby and his staff enter the Old City together with Allied commanders and military attaches. Later, at a surrender ceremony at the foot of the Tower of David, Allenbys proclamation on the establishment of a military government in the city is read. The proclamation, translated in the ceremony into several languages, reads: “I hereby inform you that it is my desire that every person should pursue his lawful business without fear of interruption… Every sacred building, monument, holy spot, shrine, traditional site, endowment, pious bequest, or customary place of prayer, will be maintained and protected according to the existing customs and beliefs of those to whose faiths they are sacred.” Afterward, Allenby converses with representatives of the various religious sects, including Sepharadi Chief Rabbi Nissin Yehuda Danun, and with commanders of Allied detachments and attaches. At the end of the visit, Allenby and his escort take their leave, riding through the outlying districts of Jerusalem.

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